Free Chicago citation generator

Citing sources of information that you used in your paper may only sound like an easy task. When you start working on works cited list, confusion often takes over. How to write the author’s name? Where to place that comma? Or should there be a full stop? Is the title supposed to be in italics? All these questions need time and effort to figure out. Thankfully, there is a simple way to create a Chicago citation in a few seconds. 

Citation Machine Chicago Style

Are you struggling with the works cited list, too many sources to include, or too many requirements to follow? A free Chicago citation machine was designed to relieve you from these overwhelming details and the tedious process of manually citing sources. With its help, you can create perfect citations in a matter of a few seconds. You will no longer bother yourself with all these punctuation marks and other small details. You won’t miss a single element. Start using this Chicago citation maker right now and finish your projects much faster than before!

Chicago Manual Citation Process

The Chicago Manual Style is a set of guidelines designed to assist scholars and researchers in source citing. At present, we use its 16th edition. This style allows us using two types of references: 

  • Notes and Bibliography;
  • Author-Date.

The Author-Date method implies the usage of parenthetical citations in the text. You only provide the last name of the author and publication date. Such parenthetical citations are linked to a Reference page at the end of a paper. In general, it is very similar to an APA formatting style.

When using NB, we insert numbered notes in the text. By doing so, you can direct a reader to short citations on the page bottom that correspond to full citations provided within Bibliography. Similar principles are used for citing, though formatting looks different comparing to the Author-Date approach.

Before you start working on a paper, ask your professor which method is preferred in your school or organization. In this article, we will explore the Notes and Bibliography approach.

General Chicago Style Guidelines

  • double-space your text, with the exception of block quotes, table titles, figure captions, or bibliography entries;
  • prose quotes that consist of more than 5 lines should be formatted as block quotes;
  • according to the manual, more than two lines of poetry should also be blocked;
  • if you insert block quotes, do not use quotation marks;
  • always put block quotes on a new line;
  • use indentation when inserting block quotes;
  • put page numbers in the page header using Arabic numbers;
  • for longer papers, it is recommended to use subheadings;
  • pay attention to your paper’s consistency.

Chicago Format Citation and Bibliography 

A bibliography implies a list of sources that you used while working on your project. In it, you should include all the essential details concerning these sources. There is also a specific format you must follow when you create a bibliography:

  • use single-spacing for your Bibliography or the list of citations;
  • place the last names of all the cited authors in an alphabetical order;
  • indent the second line of the source.

How to Cite Different Sources Using Chicago Format

Here are the elements that are typically included in the Chicago style citation: 

  • Author’s name;
  • Title of a book;
  • Title of a newspaper or an article;
  • Year of publication;
  • Month and date of publication;
  • Publisher;
  • City where it was published;
  • Date of the last access;
  • Page count;
  • Database name or URL.

Remember that you can use a free Chicago style citation generator that will help you create a perfect bibliography with no mistakes or oversights of any kind.

Creating Chicago Footnotes and Endnotes

Let’s talk about Chicago in-text citation formatting. Notes and Bibliography format implies using footnotes and endnotes to acknowledge the sources of information you used in your project.

When you use some source in your paper, it is required to place a roman number at the end of the borrowed information. This number will be a superscript – smaller than general text and slightly above the line. It will correlate with your footnote or endnote. Here are some general rules for footnotes and endnotes:

  • your footnotes should be situated on the page bottom;
  • endnotes are placed at the end of a project or section;
  • begin the note numbers with “1” and follow consecutively;
  • in the text, put note numbers at the clause’s end, after punctuation marks (except the dash);
  • if you insert a parenthetical citation, use a semicolon to distinguish documentation and comments;
  • format your lines within footnotes flush left;
  • footnotes and endnotes provide complete information on citations;
  • when you place a matching number in the endnote or footnote, do not make it a superscript;
  • when formatting your project, you are free to decide whether to use footnotes or endnotes.

Here is an example:

According to the article, “In her 20s, Ms. Jaramillo was the early success story of her circle.” 1

In Chicago style, place a footnote at the page bottom, for instance:

1. Loos, Ted, “A Painter Who Puts It All on the Line,” The New York Times, September 25, 2020, accessed December 06, 2020.

If you have to use this source several times in a paper, you should know how to do it properly. Instead of repeating the details of the source multiple times, provide only the last name of the author, the title or short title (if there are five words or more), and the numbers for the pages you used. Here is an example:

1. Kaplan, Matt, “Aromatherapy in the Apiary Is What Bees Need,” The New York Times, September 21, 2020, accessed March 14, 2021.

2. Allchin, Catherine, “Plan Bee: The Rise of Alternative Pollinators,” The New York Times, August 21, 2018, accessed September 27, 2020.

3. Kaplan, “Aromatherapy in the Apiary.”

In case you use a certain source consecutively, you can provide shortened citations in footnotes. In previous editions of Chicago style, “ibid” was used as an abbreviation for “ibidem.” From Latin, this word translates as “in the same place”. “Ibidem” was used in situations when the same source was just cited. It allowed avoiding needless repetitions and saving space.

In the latest Chicago edition, namely the 17th version, “ibid” is still accepted, but no longer considered a preferable option. The thing is, readers have to go back looking for the needed information. This creates an inconvenience instead of providing benefits. Shortened citations do not take up too much space, and sometimes “ibid” doesn’t save space at all – it still takes up a line.

How to Shorten a Chicago Format Citation

When you mention a source for the first time, provide all the essential details: full name of the author, full title, etc.). Next time you mention this source, create a shortened version, for example: 

Last Name, The Work’s Title, page(s).

If you mention the source Again after shortening, use this formula:

Last Name, page(s).

If there is more than one author, list all the names in the exact order they are mentioned in the source. Dealing with more than three names, provide the name of the first author and add “et al.”

Here are some examples of how to shorten citations (according to the last Chicago edition):

J. Allan Hobson et al., States of Mind (New York, NY: The Dana Press, 1999), 103-105, 

Hobson et al., States of Mind, 123-124.

Hobson et al., 123-124.

Hobson et al., 184.

If you cite a source with a title consisting of more than four words, you can shorten it. Make sure to keep the keywords and if possible try to omit “a” or “the”:

Earth in Human Hands: Shaping Our Planet’s Future = Earth in Human Hands

One for the Blackbird, One for the Crow = One for the Blackbird

How to Use “Ibid”

If you decide to use an ibid notation, follow these guidelines:

  • In case of consecutive use of the same source, don’t repeat the citation details but use “ibid” and add the page numbers.
  • If you use the same source and exactly the same pages, “ibid” is enough.

Let’s see how our previous example would look like with “ibid:”

J. Allan Hobson et al., States of Mind (New York, NY: The Dana Press, 1999), 103-105, 

Hobson et al., States of Mind, 123-124.


Ibid., 184.

And here is one more example with several sources mentioned multiple times in the text:

Ray Bradbury, Farewell Summer (New York, NY: Harper, 2007), 32-33.

Heinrich Harrer, Seven Years in Tibet (Glasgow, 1997), 60-61.

Ibid., 141.


Ibid., 161-162.

Bradbury, Farewell Summer, 116-117.

Ibid., 123.

Ibid., 152.

If you still have questions concerning in-text citations formatting in Chicago style, check the Chicago Manual of Style, which is available online. The website contains all the essential information and guidelines you might need. So when you start googling “Chicago manual citation”, look for the official website in search results.

Citing a Website in Chicago Style 

It isn’t always necessary to provide footnotes or endnotes for webpages. You can mention the used source in your paper. For instance, “The Salvador Dali page on Arts website, last updated on October 12, 2017, describes his latest masterpieces…” If your professor requires it, provide standard Chicago citations.

If you can’t find the date of publication on the website, mention the last modification date or the date when it was accessed. If the author’s name is missing, start your reference with the article’s or page’s title. 

Here is how a footnote or an endnote should look like:

The Author’s Full Name, “Article’s Title,” Website’s Title, Date of publishing/modification/access, URL.

And here is the same reference in the Bibliography:

The Author’s Last Name and First Name, or Name of the Organization. “Page or Article Title.” Publishing date/last modified/last accessed. URL.

Creating references to web pages can sometimes be a confusing and lengthy process. Using our Chicago citation generator, you can make the process of citing much easier and faster. Do not hesitate and enjoy the perfect results right now!

Citing Book Articles or Chapters in Chicago Format

For footnotes or endnotes:

The author’s first and Last name (of this chapter), “Chapter Title/Article Title,” in Title of the Book, ed. The Editor’s First and Last Name (Place of Publication: Publisher, Year), pages.

For Bibliography:

Last name and First name. “Title of the Chapter.” In Title of the Book, edited by First and Last Name of the Editor, pages. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year.

Example for footnotes/endnotes:

Bruce McEwen, “Stress and the Brain,” in States of Mind: New Discoveries About How Our Brains Make Us Who We Are, ed. Roberta Conlan (New York, NY: The Dana Press, 1999), 82-83.

Bibliographical example:

McEwen, Bruce. “Stress and the Brain.” In the States of Mind: New Discoveries About How Our Brains Make Us Who We Are, edited by Roberta Conlan, 82-83. New York, NY: The Dana Press, 1999.

Citing E-books in Chicago Style

If you cite an e-book, provide its URL or the database name at the end of your citation. Here is how to create a footnote/endnote:

The Author’s First and Last name, E-Book Title (Publication Place: Publisher, Year), pages, URL, Database Title.

And Bibliography:

The Author’s Last and First name. Book Title. Publication Place: Publisher, Year. URL, Database Title.

E-Book Citation Examples for footnotes/endnotes:

Gordon H. Orians, Conservation Biology (Washington, WA: Island Press, 2001), 30-31. https:// /resources/Science%10Book.pdf.

For Bibliography:

Orians, Gordon H. Conservation Biology. Washington, WA: Island Press, 2001. https:// /resources/Science%10Book.pdf.

Citing Dictionaries and Encyclopedias in Chicago Style 

According to the last edition of the Chicago Manual, famous dictionaries and encyclopedia entries should be cited in notes instead if bibliographies. If the book is less known, you can include a reference in the Bibliography.

Here is an example of formatting footnotes and endnotes to dictionaries and encyclopedias in Chicago style:

Title of the Dictionary or Encyclopedia, Numbered ed. (Year), s.v. “term.”

S.v. = sub verbo, which means “under the word” from Latin.

If you found a dictionary or encyclopedia online:

Title of the Dictionary or Encyclopedia, s.v. “term,” date accessed, URL.

For Bibliography:

The Author’s Last and First Name. Dictionary or Encyclopedia Title. Numbered ed. Place of Publishing: Publisher, Publishing Year.

Example for footnotes/endnotes:

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, s.v. “logical truth,” accessed September 10, 2020. https://

Bibliography example:

Chevallier, Andrew. Encyclopedia of Herbal Medicine: 550 Herbs and Remedies for Common Ailments. 3rd ed. New York: DK, 2016.

Webpage Citation Examples in Chicago Style

For footnotes or endnotes:

Gordon Tredgold, “20 Habits of Highly Successful and Effective Leaders,” Inc., September 10, 2020.

For Bibliography: 

Tredgold, Gordon. “20 Habits of Highly Successful and Effective Leaders.” Inc. September 10, 2020.

To generate accurate web citations in a matter of seconds, try our revolutionary Chicago citation machine that can do wonders for you!

Chicago Citation Creator

Using an auto citer is a brilliant idea if you want to save some time and ensure maximum accuracy for your footnotes and Bibliography. With a citation machine, creating citations for your paper becomes much more enjoyable: 

  • Automatic citation maker guarantees maximum accuracy
  • You no longer have to play with numerous commas and quotations marks
  • You can be sure that not a single detail will be missed in each reference
  • Citations will be created much faster and with no effort

Start enjoying all these benefits right now!

Citing Blogs in Chicago Style

As explained in the 17th edition of the Chicago manual, normally, there are no citations for blogs in a bibliography. It is better to cite them in the footnotes or endnotes. But in case your professor requires including blog citations in a bibliography, create them. Then you format references in the same way as online newspapers but also add the word (blog) in parentheses after the blog’s title. 

Look at this example for footnotes/endnotes:

The Author’s First name and Last name, “Blog Post Title,” Blog Title (blog), Larger Blog Title if there is a larger one, posting date, URL.

For Bibliography:

The Author’s Last Name and First Name. “Blog Title.” Blog Name (blog). Larger Blog Name, if applicable, posting date, URL.

Blog Citation Examples for Chicago

For footnotes/endnotes:

Tanner Christensen, “Childhood Role Models and Their Influence on Creativity,” Creative Something, January 8, 2018,

For Bibliography:

Christensen, Tanner. “Childhood Role Models and Their Influence on Creativity,” Creative Something, January 8, 2018.

Creating a bibliography in Chicago formatting style is not as tough as it may seem at first, especially when you have an automatic Chicago citation creator that saves a lot of your time and effort!

The Most Fast and Accurate Chicago Citation Machine

We know that working on a research project requires much time and mental energy. You gather the information that needs to be properly structured, analyzed, and referenced. Accurately formatted citations add credibility to your paper and prove that you are a responsible and respectable researcher.

If you are tired of googling “citation machine Chicago” and trying to find a tool that creates accurate citations in Chicago style, try this automatic citer and create proper references in a matter of seconds!